Coltrane in 1963
name: John Coltrane
background: Non vocal instrumentalist
birth name: John William Coltrane
John William Coltrane, also known as “Trane” (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967),[http://www.allmusic.com/artist/john-coltrane-mn0000175553 John Coltrane]. allmusic was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and later was at the forefront of free jazz. He organized at least fifty recording sessions as a leader during his career, and appeared as a sideman on many other albums, notably with trumpeter Miles Davis and pianist Thelonious Monk.